1. Ibi jus ubi remedium – where there is a right (law), there is a remedy.
  2. Scire leges non hoc est verba earum tenere, sed vim ac potestatem – to know the laws is not to know the text, but as well their force and power (to understand the point (meaning)).
  3. Dura lex, sed lex – the law is harsh, but it is the law.
  4. Expressa nocent, non expressa non nocent – things expressed hurt, things not expressed do not.
  5. Nullum crimen nulla poena sine lege – no crime, no punishment without a previous penal law.
  6. Ei incumbit probatio, qui dicit, non qui negat – the burden of proof rests on who asserts, not on who denies.
  7. Nulla regula sine exceptione – there is no rule (law) without exception.
  8. In dubio pro reo – when in doubt, in favor of the accused.
  9. Justitia nemine neganda est – justice is not to be denied.
  10. Una lex – una iustitia omnibus – one law – one justice for all.
  11. Cui prodest? Cui bono? – Whose benefit? Whom in favour?
  12. Numerantur sintenitae, non ponderantur –votes are counted, not weighed.
  13. Sequi debet potentia justitiam, non praecedere – power should follow justice, not precede it.
  14. Quivis praesumitur bonus donec probetur contrarium – each assumed an honest, until proven otherwise.
  15. Qui parcit nocentibus innocentes punit – who spares the guilty, punishes the innocent.
  16. Invitat culpam qui peccatum praeterit – guilty, who don’t do anything about a crime (Another: he who overlooks one crime invites the commission of another).
  17. Pacta sunt servanda – agreements must be kept.